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    被壓縮的彈簧放入濃酸中能量的去向
    文章來源:http://www.tlwpp.com/ 發布時間:2022-06-13 瀏覽次數:
    一個被壓縮的彈簧,應該是兩端有外力施壓。將這樣一個壓縮裝置和被壓縮的彈簧一起放入硫酸,只要保證壓縮裝置的抗腐蝕,彈簧再怎么不平衡腐蝕都沒有危險。作者說的斷點彈開現象,應該是錯誤的將拉伸狀態的彈簧的反應,當成了壓縮狀態。
    A compressed spring should be pressed by external force at both ends. Put such a compression device together with the compressed spring into sulfuric acid. As long as the corrosion resistance of the compression device is ensured, there is no danger of unbalanced corrosion of the spring. The breakpoint springing phenomenon mentioned by the author should be that the reaction of the spring in the tension state is mistakenly taken as the compression state.
    而且就算是拉伸的狀態,現實中也不可能發生危險,按照作者自己的說法,勢能存在于分子鍵,彈簧腐蝕斷點的時候其他的地方也已經快斷了,勢能已經非常微弱了。
    Moreover, even in the stretched state, there is no danger in reality. According to the author, the potential energy exists in the molecular bond. When the spring corrodes the breakpoint, other places are almost broken, and the potential energy is very weak.
    彈簧上面任意兩個相鄰原子都可以看成一個彈簧,均勻溶解的情況下,化學鍵由外層逐層斷裂,假如斷裂成兩個原子相連為很小單位,這個很小單位的兩個原子會像松開的彈簧一樣振動,這就是內能。沒有外力彈簧也是沒有相應的力的,如果一直壓著放硫酸里面也沒辦法讓酸對彈簧的腐蝕同步,在腐蝕個過程中彈簧的力就釋放了,并且在溶解過程中還有熱量放出,這個應該是金屬鍵斷裂或者化學反應放熱出現的。
    Any two adjacent atoms on the spring can be regarded as a spring. In the case of uniform dissolution, the chemical bond is broken layer by layer from the outer layer. If the broken two atoms are connected into a small unit, the two atoms of this small unit will vibrate like a loose spring, which is called internal energy. Without external force, the spring also has no corresponding force. If the sulfuric acid is pressed all the time, the corrosion of the spring by the acid can not be synchronized. The force of the spring is released during the corrosion process, and heat is released during the dissolution process. This should be caused by the fracture of the metal bond or the heat release of the chemical reaction.
    彈簧是整體時,彈性勢能具有很好的方向性,我們可以利用它做功。假設是濃硫酸溶液,當彈簧在硫酸中瞬間溶解時,會被酸化成硫酸鐵。此時彈簧中的彈性勢能會被施加到新生成的硫酸鐵溶液中,由于硫酸鐵溶液不具有剛性,因此彈簧中的彈性勢能會被轉化成硫酸鐵溶液中無方向性的動能。由于硫酸鐵溶液的動能沒有方向性,因此各方向的力會相互抵消,所以彈簧瞬間溶解時會顯得比較平靜。
    When the spring is a whole, the elastic potential energy has good directionality, and we can use it to do work. Suppose it is a concentrated sulfuric acid solution. When the spring dissolves instantaneously in sulfuric acid, it will be acidified to ferric sulfate. At this time, the elastic potential energy in the spring will be applied to the newly generated ferric sulfate solution. Since the ferric sulfate solution is not rigid, the elastic potential energy in the spring will be transformed into the non directional kinetic energy in the ferric sulfate solution. Since the kinetic energy of ferric sulfate solution has no directionality, the forces in all directions will offset each other, so the spring will appear calm when it dissolves instantaneously.
    工藝品漁具彈簧
    兩盤相同的工藝品漁具彈簧,一盤壓縮,一盤不壓,在鹽酸中反應,反應的速度一樣,溫度也是一樣,生成物主要是氯化亞鐵和少量的三氯化鐵,不同之處是壓縮的彈簧生成的三價鐵離子的數量比沒壓縮的彈簧多一點。也許根本就什么狀況都不會發生呢?
    Two plates of fishing gear springs of the same handicraft, one compressed and the other not compressed, react in hydrochloric acid with the same reaction speed and temperature. The products are mainly ferrous chloride and a small amount of ferric chloride. The difference is that the compressed spring produces a little more ferric ions than the uncompressed spring. Maybe nothing will happen at all?
    瞬間溶解只發生了置換反應,產生了熱量。但是這只是化學上的變化,并不是勢能轉化為熱量。相對于溶液,彈簧并沒有產生位置變化,何談能量轉換呢?舉個很簡單的例子,如果彈性系數不同,但是質量一樣的彈簧同時放入此條件的溶液,那是不是彈性系數越大的提供熱量越多?按這個邏輯,只要足夠大的彈簧,甚至于可以讓溶液沸騰。
    Instantaneous dissolution only takes place in the displacement reaction and generates heat. But this is only a chemical change, not a conversion of potential energy into heat. Relative to the solution, the spring does not change its position. What about energy conversion? For a very simple example, if springs with different elastic coefficients but the same mass are put into the solution under this condition at the same time, does the greater the elastic coefficient provide more heat? According to this logic, as long as the spring is large enough, the solution can even boil.
    以上就是今天所要講解的內容了,相信大家在看完本文的描述之后,能夠對該產品有一定的認識和了解,希望以上內容能幫助到你。另外,若你想要了解更多相關資訊,可以多多關注我們的網站動態www.tlwpp.com。
    The above is the content to be explained today. I believe that after reading the description of this article, you can have a certain understanding of the product. I hope the above content can help you. In addition, if you want to learn more about our website, you can pay more attention to our website at www.sdzbthc com。